Lack of standardised track and trace-related communication in the pharmaceutical sector has posed significant constraints on implementing workable serialisation solutions, new findings have revealed.
The findings were revealed by the Open Serialisation Communication Standard (OPEN-SCS) Group, a collection of healthcare sector companies dedicated to standardising packaging line serialisation and aggregation data exchanges, at the Food & Drug Administration’s public meeting on enhanced drug distribution security.
FDA’s Drug Supply Chain Security Act outlines the critical steps necessary for building an electronic interoperable system that, by 2023, can trace prescription drug products distributed in the US.
Ideally, the forthcoming electronic interoperable systems devised by the OPEN-SCS Group will enhance FDA’s ability to protect consumers from exposure to drugs that may be counterfeit, diverted, stolen, intentionally adulterated, subject to fraudulent transaction, or otherwise harmful. Founded two years ago by leading serialisation solution vendors and manufacturers, the organisation includes Abbott, Advanco, Antares Vision, WIPOTEC-OCS, Optel, Pfiser, Roche, Systech, Teva, TraceLink, Werum as founding members, and has grown to include more than 25 member companies.
Presenters at the public meeting included Dirk Rodgers, a member of the group’s steering committee and Regulatory Strategist at Systech International; and Adriano Fusco, marketing director of the group and Director of Strategy & Development at Antares Vision.
Mr Rodgers introduced the work of OPEN-SCS, explaining its origin as a working group of the Open Platform Communications (OPC) industry consortium, and its mission to “specify functional interoperability of packaging serialisation solutions to seamlessly integrate the operations and business processes across organisation and regulatory bodies, aligning with other industry groups and standards whenever appropriate.” He explained how OPEN-SCS cooperates with other key groups, such as GS1, ISPE, and ISA. Although horisontal data exchange with these groups is essential to success, he explained the particular importance of the OPEN-SCS group’s focus on the vertical exchange of DSCSA data elements passed between the levels of a serialised packaging solution.
Mr Rodgers emphasised that, in 2023, the deadline for full supply chain aggregation, the quality of DSCSA transaction documentation exchanged by trading partners will only be as good as the quality of serialisation data established during initial packaging operations.
“Today’s packaging solutions are not standardised and have no security built-in, leaving them susceptible to incompatibilities, inaccuracies, data loss and theft,” he said. “They have no common name space from line to supply chain, and no common data structure for data exchanges, so the interfaces between solution layers become fragile, threatening data integrity.”
Mr Rodgers shared news that the group’s first Packaging Serialisation Standard, PSS 1.0, was released in September 2017 and is currently under validation testing by nine vendors and one end user in direct collaboration with ISPE and GS1 global technical experts. The forthcoming PSS 2.0, which will address nine exchange use cases between Level 3 (site serialisation manager) and Level 2 (line serialisation controllers and smart devices), is targeted for release this year.
On the meeting’s second day, Adriano Fusco addressed the challenges of implementing aggregation on production lines and distribution centres, and provided an overview of the solutions commonly adopted for bottles and cartons on fully automated, semi-automated, and manual packaging lines where aggregation is performed by operators with specially designed machines. He also presented an overview of the operations of the largest distribution center in Turkey, which has been working in full aggregation mode since 2012 to comply with its own national mandate.
Mr Fusco described the changes in SOPs and the introduction of new equipment, and emphasised the importance of accurate communication and software infrastructure, stressing the complexity of the return process, which requires additional workload to check serial numbers and either deactivate them or reintroduce them to saleable stock. “Aggregation in packing lines and distribution is very challenging,” Fusco said, “due to higher costs, complex systems, longer deployment times, potential impact on operations, additional space on the lines/packaging areas, longer line stops for installation and validation, high cost of ownership, and possible OEE reduction, particularly in the ramp-up phase and with older lines and machines”.
Fusco stressed the importance of viewing aggregation as an opportunity to review current lines and operations, and consider modernisation. This has the potential to increase line efficiency while introducing systematic checks at every packaging phase, thereby increasing the quality and consistency of the overall process.